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PSY101

Who is BF Skinner?

Home
BF Skinner's Bio
Who is BF Skinner?
Timeline
BF Skinner's Research
What is Operant Conditioning?
Principles of Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Schedule
Punishment
Shaping
Extinction
Generalization and Discrimination
Applications of Operant Conditioning
Acknowledgements

 

Skinner, B(urrhus) F(rederic) (1904-1990), American psychologist, born in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and educated at Harvard University, where he received (1931) a Ph.D. degree. He joined the Harvard faculty in 1948. Skinner became the foremost exponent in the U.S. of the behaviorist school of psychology, in which human behavior is explained in terms of physiological responses to external stimuli. He also originated programmed instruction, a teaching technique in which the student is presented a series of ordered, discrete bits of information, each of which he or she must understand before proceeding to the next stage in the series. A variety of teaching machines have been designed that incorporate the ideas of Skinner. Among his important works are Behavior of Organisms (1938), Walden Two (1948), and The Technology of Teaching (1968). In Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971), Skinner advocated mass conditioning as a means of social control. Later works include Particulars of My Life (1976) and Reflections on Behaviorism and Society (1978).

 

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